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Canada Immigration News by Cannest
캐나다 이민, 유학, 취업 전문 :: 둥지이민칼럼
Improving immigration invitations to parents in 2020
In addition to the newly introduced sponsoring parents and grandparents programme in January 2019, the 2020 parents and grandparents programme will be open soon. The Canadian government has not yet announced exactly when it will open and how the application process will take place. However, if we check the process of federal elections in last October 2019, there is a chance of a new improvement for the new parents, grandparents sponsorship programme. Two big factors that can be expected to improve are the economic efficiency occurring from the sponsorship and the dissatisfaction of traditional selection methods from many people. Earlier this year, the immigration office announced a limit of 21,000 parents and grandparents sponsorship programme for the next three years from 2019. The strict limit on immigrant parents and grandparents is due to the costs and benefits that Canada have to be burdened by. Canada has no choice but to prefer a Canadian-experienced immigrant who can contribute more work time and taxes or a young immigrant who comes to Canada to work than a parent or grandparent. They are also worried that if their parents or grandparents immigrate, Canada will spend more on health care and subsidies support than they spend on working time in Canada. But there is also economic justification for parents and grandparents coming to Canada. The housework, childcare, family, and emotional stability they provide allows other family members who work during that time to focus on more work or society. This means that immigrant members can generate more savings and more income both socially and economically in Canada. In terms of social benefits, as family members with strong ties—parents and grandparents— settle down in Canada, it is highly likely that other family members will take root in Canada and become a greater foundation for Canadian society. In the last year, we have been improving immigration methods for parents and grandparents in various ways over the last decade. In 2011, we received 165,000 applications, but due to too many applications, the process took more than five years. In 2017, a lottery system was introduced, and interested applicants were randomly selected and applied to apply within 30 days of the invitational immigration. At first, it received a lot of support. However, because of the 30-day application period, many applicants who did not take family immigration seriously also applied and it was waste of selection. There were some cases where applicants who actually wanted to apply could not apply because it was a random selection. In 2019, with the new first-come, first-served basis method, 100,000 applicants applied just in 10 minute. Due to the limit number of invitation for 21,000, there were more than 21,000 people who could not even apply and some people were not satisfied with this selection. Despite of various methods Canada immigration office tried, due to the limit on the number of application, they are still searching for the best way to satisfy all people. Although 2020 method and application process for the parents and grandparents sponsorship programme are not yet announced, as Canada immigration office is aware of problems, people expect to be improved. We hope that by 2020, a new parents immigration programme will be improved to a more acceptable way of immigration through economic benefits and fair application methods.
Working Holiday Open! From employment to permanent residence
International Holiday Canada (IEC) has finally opened in 2020 Working Holiday, which applies to applicants with Korean nationality. The IEC program is a useful method of obtaining a work permit that is open to young people who are temporarily living in Canada and seeking a career. This is a program that has always received a lot of attention because it can lead to permanent residence in the future. The IEC is divided into three major programs: Working Holiday, Young Professional, and International Co-op. Among them, Working Holiday is available to applicants with Korean nationality. Working Holiday is simply an Open Work Permit that allows you to work for one year in Canada. There are five main conditions for obtaining this. • Korean nationality (Korean passport holder) • Age 18-30 • Over $ 2,500 in settlement funds • Applicants with no problems entering Canada • Possession of Korea • Applicants who already have Working Holidays in the past cannot apply. As you can see, with the exception of age conditions, the conditions for applying are not demanding and have many advantages. The great thing about Working Holidays is the freedom of employment because you can get an Open Work Permit to work with any Canadian employer for a year. You can also work with two or more employers at one time instead of just one, which can reduce your financial burden in Canada. At the end of the Working Holiday, you can switch to a Work Permit through LMIA or another Permit, and if you have a working holiday work permit, you can be recognized as a work experience when applying for permanent residence. The process for applying for a Working Holiday is divided into six steps. 1. Opening a CIC Account Verifying Eligibility 2.Register IEC: Working Holiday profile 3. Draw on Invitations that are automatically drawn 4. Accept within 10 days of receiving the invitation 5. Submit relevant documents within 20 days of acceptance 6. Receive Work Permit upon entering Canada after approval Experience gained through Working Holidays is available through Express Entry or PNP, and the experience you gained will be a great help in getting an Invitation. In 2020, a total of 4,000 Working Holidays will be announced. The Working Holiday will be a random draw and the number of drawers will be determined per year. Although not on a first-come, first-served basis, it's best to accept as soon as possible as the number of drawers decreases as the round goes on, and you'll be invited early. If you are under 30 years old and have never applied for a working holiday, we recommend that you apply at least once! I hope you don't miss out on this working holiday.
Biometrics is possible in Canada
The biometrics, introduced from December 31, 2018 to identify foreigners entering Canada, changed on December 3, 2019. The two biggest changes are the opening of a new Biometrics Center in Canada and the applicant requirements. Previously, in order to receive Biometrics, you had to visit Biometrics centers in Korea or third countries. As a result, applicants who had already lived in Canada had to go to Korea or the United States when they needed Biometrics and re-enter Canada, but from this December 3, 2019, it is not necessary. 58 new Biometrics Centers have been opened across Canada and applicants already residing in Canada can receive Biometrics without leaving. This helps to reduce unnecessary travel or time wasting. In addition, there were changes to the conditions for applicants to apply for Biometrics on December 3. Previously, only immigrant applicants applying from outside Canada had to submit fingerprints and photographs. However, from now on, unless you are exempt, applicants from Canada also need Biometrics. In addition to receiving new Work Permits, Study Permits, and Visitor Permits, if you are already in Canada, you will need to obtain Biometrics as well. Those permits will allow to extend your legal stay in Canada, and if you do not have valid Biometrics, you must submit it. Also, people from 14 to 79 years old applying for permanent residence through family class (economic immigrant), Refugee class (refugee immigrant) need to have new Biometrics even if they have already received biometrics via Biometric as Visitor, Study or Work in the past. Canadian citizenship and permanent residency holders are exempt from Biometrics. The first step for the Biometric process is to apply for the permanent residence, Work Permit, Study Permit, and Visitor Permit. You will then receive a Biometric Instruction Letter (BIL), which will provide you with a list of Biometrics service centres to choose. Afterwards, people who need to take Biometrics must make an appointment in advance to provide fingerprints and take pictures. It is necessary to bring BIL with you when you visit Biometrics service centre within 30 days of receipt of a request. Applicants, including Canadian residents who wish to travel abroad, can provide biometric information at the Visa Application Center (VAC) in any country where they are legally permitted to enter. Although Biometrics does not affect the application processing time, it is still necessary to complete the Biometrics within 30 days of the request. It is better to book it through the application centre as soon as requested to proceed PR or any permits as soon as possible.
Effect of English or French ability on the application for permanent residency
If you are preparing for a permanent residency in Canada, you must have heard of language proficiency test. Then, do you know how much it affects to your application for permanent residence? It is required to have a English or French language proficiency test for the most Canadian permanent residency programs. In some cases, some programs state that it is not mandatory, but you may be requested to submit a language proficiency test result based on an examiner's judgment. As a result, it is difficult to apply for permanent residence without English or French test scores. The reason why an English or French test is necessary for permanent residency in Canada is because immigrants who are fluent in English or French are more likely to contribute to Canada's workforce and society after immigration. For example, one of the popular Canadian permanent residency programmes, the Canadian Federal Immigration Program, Express Entry (EE), calculates a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score based primarily on human capital factors such as age, work experience, and language skills. The language skills are determined by the English or French language proficiency test and you can get maximum total 290 points in the ranking system. The total number of points in the ranking system is 1200 and in order to receive invitations, the average score should be around 460-470. If you can get up to 290 points in language scores, this can in no way be negligible. In other words, assuming that 460 points are required to get a permanent residency invitation, this means that up to 63% out of total score can be made from language skills. One of the reasons that many Canadian students were able to obtain permanent residency in Canada these days is that the language skills that were developed by studying abroad greatly supported them. There are currently about 600,000 international students in Canada, half of which aim to obtain permanent residency. 25% of the 90,000 applicants who achieved the Canadian Permanent Resident Status (ITA) in 2018 were international students with Canadian degrees or diplomas. Depending on the application program, CLB7 or higher is usually required when applying for permanent residence for Express Entry programs and CLB4 or higher is usually required when applying for PNP or state immigration programs. Of course, it varies from state to state, but even if the minimum score required by the state is usually CLB4, the higher the CLB is, the better chance it will be to get enough score for permanent residency. Because language proficiency testing continues to play a large role in obtaining permanent residency in Canada, it is important to improve your language skills if you have a goal to move to Canada. The emphasis on language skills may be discouraging for some people, but from the other side, the language test is valid for two year, so making sure your language scores in advance will make it easier to apply for permanent residence in the future.
How old can your children emigrate together?
Canada has many images for family and children, such as natural environment, leisure time, and education environment. In other words, many of the reasons for immigrating to Canada are to decide to immigrate for the sake of their children's education, for their future, for spending more time with their children, and of course, they should be able to understand exactly whether they can get permanent residency when their parents immigrate. Sometimes applicants who are preparing to immigrate to Canada for their children are not sure what conditions or variables they should meet to immigrate to Canada with their children, and sometimes they are unable to immigrate with their children because they miss the right time. Even if you can't immigrate together, you should also be aware of how your children can immigrate in advance. There are only two things that parents need to check if they want to immigrate with their children. First, you must meet your child's age requirement. Conditions change depending on whether your child is 19 or 22. If your child is under 19, you can move with your parents without any other conditions. If your child is 19 years old and under 22, you can immigrate with your parents if your child is single. If your child is in a non-married marriage or a "common-law" marriage, you cannot immigrate with him, even if he is 19 or under 22. Also, although you are single when you start immigration, you must remember that if you change into a marriage or marriage while you are in progress, you will lose your co-child's immigration terms. If your child is 22 years old or older, you can move with your parents if you have relied on them for financial support from before the age of 22 and cannot financially support yourself due to your mental or physical condition. The second condition is to prove the relationship between parents and children. It is essential that we present as a document that the relationship between parents and children is legally Parents and their children have a real blood relationship, but if they can't prove their legal relationship as a document, they won't be able to apply together in the application form. If children are forced to move with their parents because they do not meet the above conditions, they must prepare themselves for immigration to Canada. Usually, in this case, the method that you use a lot is to have a career after graduating from school in Canada, and to prepare for immigration. Preparing for immigration on your own may take more time and effort, but it may still benefit from the fact that your parents are in Canada. That's why parents must state that they have children when applying for permanent residency, even though they may not be able to immigrate with their parents at first. Even if your child is not able to immigrate with you, if you don't specify that they have children, you may face disadvantages in future if your child immigrates on their own. Since the most reason for immigrating to Canada is to live a happy life with my family, I hope that when I prepare for immigration, I can check how long I have to prepare for my children and get good results.
What to do after a green card is obtained
From now on, if you receive your Canadian green card through experience immigration, invitation immigration, business immigration, or any other means of immigration, you should prepare for permanent residency in Canada through permanent residency. If you already have a work permit or study permit with you in Canada and you get a permanent residency, you can easily pass it by because there is no big change in sight. There are four main areas: SIN reissuance, permanent residency, permanent residency benefits, and child education. The first and most important thing is to let the government know that we have finally received a green card. The first thing to do is to update your original Social Insurance Number (SIN) to a permanent resident. You will visit your nearest Service Canada and update your existing SIN with your new SIN number, which is now permanently used in Canada. After receiving such a new SIN, you should inform the bank and various agencies that the SIN has changed and update it. Also, when you do a tax report, you have to report it with a new SIN, so if you have an accountant, you must deliver a new SIN. The second thing to do is to prepare in advance for the extension of Canadian citizenship or permanent residency, which should be applied later. To acquire Canadian citizenship, you must live in Canada for three years in the last five years and two years in the last five years to extend Canada's green card. Therefore, if you go abroad, you must record when and when you went to the country to make it easier for you to apply for an extension of your citizenship or permanent residency and to calculate your minimum residence date. For your information, if you travel abroad, you must have a PR card to enter Canada, so you must carry a PR card on your overseas trip, and you must check the expiration date of this PR card and extend it on time. The third thing you need to find out is the benefit that Canadian permanent residents receive for free. There are institutions that introduce free English classes and employment for new permanent residents when they acquire permanent residency in Canada. Most non-profit organizations are introducing SINs, health insurance, driver's license applications, and school registration methods. A representative group is the SUCCESS, MOSAIC, and OPTION. Also, children benefits, bank interest rates for new permanent residents, and mortgage loans are available for additional benefits, so anyone planning to buy a house is recommended to consult a bank. Fourth, if you have children, you must tell them that you have acquired permanent residency at their school. Since children may be different from going to school on Study Permit and going to school with a permanent residency, they should be able to talk to the school in advance at the same time. It is important to remember that receiving a green card does not end and that in order to maintain it, as mentioned above, you must periodically extend your green card by obtaining Canadian citizenship or filling your residence in Canada. Since I received this green card through hard work, I hope to create a new life in Canada through the acquisition of citizenship or periodic extension of permanent residency.
Quebec Investment Migration Provisional Suspended
The Canadian Immigration Service says the Quebec Investor Program, which was eligible for permanent residency through investment in Quebec, will be temporarily suspended from November 1, 2019. With the exception of the great deal of the $1.2 million investment in Quebec, immigration is easier than the exacting conditions of any other immigration program. It has always been a program that many applicants are interested in because they were able to obtain permanent residency. However, according to the Minister for Immigration in Quebec, more than 20,000 applications for investment in Quebec are still piling up without being processed, so we have announced an end to investment immigration by July 1, 2020. We have also indicated in advance that the outage period may be shorter or longer if we review it once again within Quebec. Investing in Quebec, if you invest 1.2 million dollars, you can return it to the government five years later without interest, and you can get a green card by giving up interest for five years. Investors also needed more than $2 million in net worth and more than two years of management experience. While this investment migration has helped Quebec receive a lot of financial support, it has also been unwelcome to the way it seems to pay for permanent residency and citizenship. With the suspension of investment immigration to Quebec, Quebec has announced new applications for its business and self-employed programs. Business Min will receive 25 applications, while Ja Young Min will receive 35 more applications. For your information, there is capacity only for business people in Quebec, and for those who are fluent in French, there is no limit to capacity. Applicants who were waiting for Quebec investment immigration can either proceed through other immigration methods or prepare to immigrate through business people, a similar investment method. It is very similar to Quebec investment immigration as a way for applicants with business experience to apply for a certain amount of business ownership. Federal investment was suspended in 2014, followed by a halt to investment in Quebec in 2019. On the other hand, experienced immigrants such as business people, self-employed people, small-town immigrants, RNIPs, AIPPs, or farm workers are on the rise. At the same time, immigration in Canada seems to prefer immigrants who can give Canada real skills or experience over immigration that can work financially.
Method of obtaining child care teacher certificate for permanent residency in Canada
Recently, a growing number of immigrant applicants are preparing to immigrate to Canada through the job of nursery school teachers. The reason is that if you immigrate as a child care teacher, you can obtain extra points for moving to the state, and it is advantageous for you to continue working even after acquiring permanent residency. If you are preparing to immigrate through this type of child care teacher job, you must have a Canadian child care teacher's license. To have a child care teacher's license, there are two ways to graduate from a school in Canada or obtain a certificate from abroad. The first way is to graduate from the Department of Nursing Teachers at Public or Private Schools in Canada. There are many advantages if you get a certificate when you graduate from school in Canada. The biggest advantage is that it is easier to get a job through the lab period. If you get a certificate from abroad and you don't have a Work Permit, it may not be easy to get a job for the first time. However, it is easier to get a job because you can legally work in Canada during the practical period, which is part of the school class in Canada. Another advantage is that if you graduate from a public school with a major in infant education, you can acquire an Open Work Permit called Post Graduation Work Permit. With this work period, you can start working legally without company support. There are also scholarship benefits, job information sharing in schools, and improvement in English ability. To point out the shortcomings of this method, of course I have to go to school in Canada, so it is a high tuition and program period. Usually, the program is completed for 1-2 years. Another way to get a Canadian nursery teacher's license is to convert a certificate that we have already received overseas into Canada. The advantage of this process is that you can save time by preparing for the transition after obtaining a license from Korea and also save money. However, if you enter Canada first, you may have to enter Canada first as a tour rather than as a job candidate. After that, it may not be easy to get a job because you have to convert to work permit with the support of your company. Most employers prefer child care teachers with status to work right now, so it's hard to wait until they get company support and get a Work Permit. Both of the above methods are used according to personal preferences. In addition, through the above two methods, you can apply for permanent residency by building your career in Canada after obtaining your license. Having a child care teacher's license makes it easier to continue working even after obtaining a permanent residency and can earn a higher salary than an unlicensed job, so if you are still looking for a job or an academic career for immigration, it is also a way to obtain a child care teacher's license and then proceed with a permanent residency.
EE-FST Announcement in Second Half of 2019
With the sudden selection of the Express Entry- Federal Skilled Trade Program (FST) on October 16, it was a week when many candidates were waiting to apply for permanent residency. On this average, we re-issued the first half of May 15, 2019, a little faster than the six-month selection. As a result, many applicants have yet to register their EE applications (Pools) due to their lack of preparation for the Express Entry - Federal Skilled Trade Program (FST). Comparing this selection with past records, we scored 25 points higher despite selecting the same number of people as we did in the first half of the year. This was the highest possible score among the last six FST draws and was 158 points different from the first half of 2017. Since then, except for the first half of 2018, the FST draw scores have been on the rise. Oct. 16, 2019: Number of starts: 500 starting points: 357 points May 15, 2019: Number of starts: 500 starting points: 332 points September 24, 2018: Number of starts: 400 starting points: 284 points May 30, 2018: Number of starts: 500 starts: 288 points November 1, 2017: Starting personnel: 505 pages. Starting points: 241 points. May 26, 2017: Number of starts: 400 starting points: 199 points Based on the overall immigration score, the basic selection scores of the PNP state immigration method as well as the federal immigration Express Entry are on the upward Express Entry - CEC and FSW are also above 460 points this year, compared to last year's 440 points. The biggest reason for this trend is that in order to be selected, we apply with higher English scores, higher academic scores, and higher career scores than other applicants. In addition, the number of starts has been reduced since March 2019, which is seen as a reason why the starting score is still high. With no new updates or changes to the FST so far, it will continue into the coming year and the score will continue to hover above the 300 mark. However, since the starting score may vary depending on the applicants' scores, it seems that the shortcut to immigration is to keep improving after applying (registering in the pool) rather than giving up just because your score is lower than this one. The applicants who have the invitation must make sure to have all the documents ready within 60 days.
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