On April 4, the Canadian government took steps to ease its visa restriction policy to actively hire foreign workers. Canada currently lacks more labor than jobs. The Canadian government has made it an alternative to increase the employment of foreign workers due to the low unemployment rate and the lack of workers. As a result, five measures were announced, and some took effect as of the announcement date on April 4, and some will take effect on April 30.
First of all, one of the three policies that took effect immediately after the announcement was to permanently apply the "Seasonal Cap Exemption," which had been in effect since 2015 for those who had to hire different employees depending on the season. At the same time, the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) eliminates the low-wage employment limit for employers in the industry, increasing the employment term from 180 days to 270 days. Secondly, the validity of the LMIA approval has been extended from the previous 9 months to 18 months. Finally, high-wage and Global Talent Stream workers have extended their maximum employment period from two to three years.
There are two policies that have been announced to take effect from April 30th. First, in seven areas of business where labor shortages have been proven, employers can hire low-wage workers for up to 30% of their workforce through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) for one year. Areas covered include food manufacturing, wood product manufacturing, furniture and related product manufacturing, accommodation and food services, construction, hospitals, nursing and residential care facilities. All other employers may employ up to 20% of their workforce as foreign workers through the TFW program until further notice. In addition, we have decided to terminate the current policy of automatically refusing LMIA applications for low-paying jobs in accommodation, food service and retail in areas with high unemployment rates of 6% or higher.
The root reason for the implementation of a series of policies seems to be that the job shortage has become serious across the Canadian economy industry. Canada, in particular, had its biggest job shortage last year, with 130,070 in lodging and food businesses, 119,590 in healthcare and social welfare, 103,990 in distribution, and 81,775 in manufacturing as of November 2021.
On the other hand, we can see from the records that they have supplied a lot of labor through foreigners. Approximately 5,000 jobs have been approved through the Global Talent Steam, a global talent program, and 23,000 jobs have been approved through the High-Wage Stream, a high-paying This also accounts for approximately 21% of all LMIA approvals approved in 2021. In addition, the number of approximately 50,000 to 60,000 foreign agricultural workers coming to Canada each year is high enough to account for more than 60% of all foreign workers entering Canada under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP). Therefore, the new measures are expected to play an appropriate role in solving problems in areas where labor shortages are severe.
Based on this change in policy, Canada wants to achieve both the stable supply and demand of labor and the goal of increasing the population by receiving 1.3 million immigrants over the next three years. This is because it can be seen as a realistic policy in Canada's immigration policy, where labor experience is likely to lead to immigration approval. Therefore, I feel optimistic that the implementation of the new policy has begun the best time for those who want to work or immigrate to Canada.