To get a job in Canada, to acquire permanent residency in Canada, or to live in Canada, you must obtain a work permit that allows you to legally get a job and work in Canada. In some cases, you may need to get the Laboratory Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) approved to get a work permit.
A brief description of LMIA is that Canadian employers are required to hire foreigners other than Canadian citizens and permanent residents and to obtain permission from Service Canada (LMIA) to support work permit or permanent residency, which is called the Labor Administration's approval process.
In order to obtain LMIA approval, you must first show that your Canadian employer tried to hire Canadian citizens and permanent residents first, and you can apply after at least 28 days of job openings. When you apply, you can apply by preparing the application form and financial evidence documents. After the application, Service Canada (Labor Office) receives a request for review of the application from the employer, and if there is no problem after the review, you may receive an approval latter via email. LMIA procedures vary depending on time, but recently, it takes about 2-3 months from advertising to approval.
In the process of proceeding with LMIA, there are times when misunderstanding causes the process to go wrong, and one of the most common misunderstandings is whether the company needs to operate for at least a year to proceed with LMIA. First of all, LMIA doesn't have to be operated for more than a year. Of course, if you have more than one year of operation, you can apply for LMIA for PR, which is a little faster, and you can apply for a two-year work limit. However, you can apply for LMIA even if you don't have one year's operation, and the difference is that you usually get a one-year work permit or you may have some delays in the procedure. Other parts are similar to those that have been operating for more than one year, so companies that are less than one year old are eligible for LMIA.
Another misunderstanding is that LMIA must be approved. As LMIA receives approval after the review with Service Canada, if the review is not carried out properly at this time, it may not be approved. Of course, LMIA approval is not difficult if the review is completed with proper documentation and thorough preparation, and most LMIA cases are actually approved. However, occasionally, if the application is faulty or insufficient, if the company is unable to prove its financial situation, if there is not enough effort to save Canadian citizens and permanent residents, or if the review with Service Canada differs from the content of the application, it may be rejected. Therefore, applying for LMIA does not necessarily give 100% approval, but if you prepare thoroughly and proceed, you can get approval in most cases.
Finally, it's a misunderstanding about whether you can work as soon as you get LMIA approval. As described above, LMIA may hire foreign workers and provide work permit or permanent residency support to Canadian employers in Service Canada. This latter is a required document when applying for a work permit, but just because LMIA has been approved, you can't just work with it. In order for the applicant to work in Canada, the work permit approved by the Canadian Immigration Service must be approved before starting work. In other words, you cannot work only with LMIA approval, but you can work only after you get your work permit approved. Of course, this part can vary from case to case.
As in today's text, we must proceed without any misunderstanding before proceeding with LMIA. Especially recently, there are frequent updates about LMIA, so if we are proceeding with LMIA or if we are planning to proceed with LMIA, we must make sure to find out in advance. According to LMIA trends, the procedure period is fast and the approval rate is very high, so I hope you don't miss this time and get good results.