To obtain permanent residency in Canada, language proficiency tests are almost necessary. This language proficiency test can be submitted in English or French, and can be proved by IELTS-General or CELPIP-General in English, or by a test called TEF Canada or TCF Canada in French. Because each test has a different score system, you can check your score when applying for permanent residency through the standard table CLB as shown in the table below. Based on this CLB standard, you can calculate the permanent residency score by area.
Depending on the program and job type, the English grades that must be met are different. For example, if you proceed with Express Entry, which is the most frequently applied federal immigration program, NOC B, a technical position, must be prepared up to CLB 5, a management position or a professional job, or CLB 7 to apply for permanent residency through Express Entry. This score must be above the base CLB for all scores in four areas other than the average score to meet the criteria. As shown in the table below, for IELTS, all four areas must have a score of 5 or more to exceed the CLB 5 reference point for applying for the NOC B job. If three of the four areas are CLB 7 or one area is CLB 4, the average will be CLB 5, but one area is not CLB 5, so you cannot apply for Express Entry.
Previously, the Language Proficiency Test did not account for as much of the required, important, or significant of the score as it is now, but most of the recent methods of permanent residency have required submission or very high. As a result, applicants with poor language skills have a hard time applying for permanent residency and are looking for ways to maintain permanent residence rather than required language proficiency tests.
Fortunately, there are some state immigration programs that still allow you to proceed with permanent residency without a language proficiency test, and I'll tell you what the pros and cons are.
The first way to proceed with permanent residency without language proficiency testing is through BCPNP state immigration in BC. Language proficiency testing is not mandatory when permanent residency is carried out through BCPNP and permanent residency is carried out with administrative NOC 0 or professional NOC A. Therefore, applicants who have difficulty in making language proficiency grades can proceed with permanent residency through this method. This program has these advantages, but it also has some disadvantages. First of all, you may be asked to submit your language proficiency report next time based on the competence of the examiner, so you should make a language proficiency report within the time limit and submit it immediately. Or, BCPNP is a relative evaluation score system, and if you don't have a language ability score, you can get a lower score, so you have to cover these deficiencies with scores such as other careers, academic background, region, annual salary, and professions. For your information, language proficiency testing is essential when proceeding with NOC B, C, D, which includes technical jobs, etc. in BCPNP.
The second way to proceed without language ability is to immigrate to the SINP state of SK Saskatchewan. Recently, Saskatchewan is a state that many applicants are interested in because English grades are not mandatory, and if you work with an employer for more than 6 months after receiving a work permit through LMIA, you can proceed with permanent residency without language proficiency.
Other ways to apply without language ability score may include family invitation and immigration.
In some states like this, permanent residency is still possible without language proficiency, but the latest trend shows that most permanent residency practices are changing to require language proficiency. Of course, it is a good way to acquire permanent residency regardless of your language ability grade, but I would recommend you to improve your English ability even after you acquire permanent residency because speaking English is important to live after adjusting to Canada.