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Canada Immigration News by Cannest
캐나다 이민, 유학, 취업 전문 :: 둥지이민칼럼
Canada's employment rate is finally on the rise!
캐나다 경제는 15만 7천 개의 일자리를 증가하여 고용률 난을 작년 2월 수준으로 끌어올렸습니다. 이는 신규 이민자의 증가로 점차 증가하고 있습니다. 고용률은 15세 이상 인구를 기반으로 통계를 보자면 9월 캐나다 고용률은 60.9%로 인구증가의 결과로 2020년 2월과 비교하자면 0.9% 적습니다. 실업률은 4개월 연속 감소해 6.9%로 코로나 이후 최저치를 기록했습니다. 신규 이민자들의 고용률은 지난달 무려 71%에 달하면서 상승 추세를 지속하고 있습니다. 비록 전반적인 인구는 코로나 기간에 고용률이 증가하지 않았지만, 일부 산업에서 일하는 신규 이민자들의 수는 증가했습니다. 즉 금융, 보험, 부동산뿐만 아니라 과학 및 기술 분야에도 고용률이 지속해서 증가하고 있습니다. 현재 캐나다에 5년 이상 체류한 이민자들의 취업률은 2019년 9월보다 약 1% 하락한 59%에 달하며 캐나다에서 태어난 사람들의 고용률은 약 61%로 같은 기간 동안 2% 하락했습니다. 또한, 서비스 생산 부문이 코로나 이전 고용 수준을 처음으로 넘어섰습니다. 이러한 증가는 공공 행정, 정보, 문화 및 오락, 과학 및 기술 서비스에 의해 주도되고 있습니다. 대조적으로 숙박과 음식 서비스와 같은 일부 산업들은 2020년 2월에 보았던 고용 수준으로 회복하지 못했습니다. 이것은 부분적으로 공중 보건 조치에 의해 크게 영향을 받고 있어서 나타나는 현상으로 올해 9월 식품 서비스업 취업자 수가 5개월 만에 처음으로 감소하며 소매업 고용도 감소했습니다. 상품 생산 부문은 전반적으로 거의 변화가 없어 4월과 6월 사이에 94,000명의 일자리를 잃은 이후 거의 변화가 없습니다. 제조업과 천연자원은 예외였지만, 두 산업 모두 9월에 다시 고용이 증가했습니다. 이렇듯 다양한 사업 분야에서 증가하고 있으며 몇 개의 분야는 아직 작년 2월만큼 고용률을 회복하진 못하였지만 추후 정부의 규제 완화를 통해 점차 상승세를 할 것으로 전망됩니다.
US finally reopening borders for fully vaccinated travellers
Canada has opened its borders to U.S. permanent residents and citizens who have been vaccinated since August 9, 2021. The United States finally announced that it will open its borders next month, November 8th. The U.S. border opening will proceed in sequence, and for now, the first stage will be held on November 8 and the second stage in January 2022 next year. First, on November 8, next month, non-essential travelers who have completed the second inoculation can enter the U.S. border by land and ship. Non-essential travelers include visits to Canada or visits to relatives and friends. Then, in January 2022, all essential and non-essential travelers on land and ships must be vaccinated to enter the country. In other words, from January 2022, non-essential travelers should be vaccinated even if they enter the country for business or academic purposes, along with the purpose of visiting relatives and friends. This will be carried out in a total of two stages, and the first stage is only for non-essential travelers, but from January next year, essential travelers must also complete the vaccination to enter the country. Canada approves a total of four vaccines, Pfizer, Janssen, Moderna, and AstraZeneca, but the United States currently approves three vaccines, Pfizer, Janssen, and Moderna. In addition, it has announced that cross-vaccinations and emergency approved vaccines are also recognized by the WHO and the U.S. FDA. In addition, the COVID-19 test should be conducted 72 hours before entering Canada, but when entering the United States by land or ship, there is no need to conduct PCR tests and only when entering by air. When entering Canada from the United States, you have to prepare three things. First, you must complete the COVID-19 test within 72 hours of entry, and secondly, you must download the Arrive Can app and fill out the information. Finally, the third is to present a vaccination certificate. Vaccination certificates may be excluded depending on your status in Canada, so you can prepare them according to your situation. The above documents should be prepared in advance so that they can be submitted to the immigration officer immediately upon arrival in Canada, and if you do not fill out the Arrive Can information in advance, you may be denied entry to Canada, so please check in advance.
Canadian Immigration IRCC invests $1.7 billion in new immigrant settlement and integration services
Canada is one of the countries that invests the most in settlement services so that new immigrants can settle down well after immigration. This time again, Immigration Minister Marco Mendicino has approved and signed a policy to provide $1.7 billion for new immigrant settlement services from 2021 to 2022. The new immigrant settlement service provides English and French education to new permanent residents and refugees approved for permanent residency in Canada, and provides programs such as employment support and mentoring services to help new immigrants successfully settle in Canada. The settlement service is not directly provided by the Immigration Department, but will be provided by third-party companies such as S.U.C.C.E.S., a non-profit organization supported by the Canadian Immigration Department and other companies. Each state and region announced this time was allocated as the average percentage of the three-year number of new immigrants per state, including Ontario $47.2 million, Alberta $124.1 million, British Columbia $119 million, Manitoba $46 million and Sazukechu $41 million. As such, Ontario still has the largest number of new immigrants in Canada, followed by Alberta, British Columbia, and Manitoba and Sachechuwan. The Canadian Immigration Service receives an annual budget of about 3.6 billion won from the federal government. However, it can be seen that half of this, $1.7 billion, is invested in immigrants' settlement services. This confirms that Canada is the world's largest immigrant settlement service, while also confirming that immigrants from various countries visit Canada. And the immigration office recognizes that additional investment is needed for new immigrants in the future. Currently, Canada's 2021-2023 immigration plan is 400,000 per year, the second-largest immigrant capacity in history since Canada's founding in 1867 and more than 400,000 immigrants were accepted only once in 1913. Therefore, new immigrant settlement service subsidies for all states and regions are expected to increase by an additional $100 million between 2022 and 2024, suggesting an annual increase of about $2 billion in the next few years. This will allow Canada to continue to prepare for new immigrants for the next three years, and to this end, the Canadian Immigration Service will gradually establish support plans for new immigrants to settle in Canada. For those who are still worried about immigration to Canada, it is not too late, so I hope you make a good plan over the next three years and achieve your dream of immigration to Canada.
2021 Parent and Grandparent Immigration Program (PGP) lottery resumes.
The Canadian Immigration Service announced that it would select 30,000 applicants who meet the qualifications for about two weeks from September 23 to October 7. Looking at immigration invited by parents and grandparents in 2020, 10,000 applicants who applied for pre-registration for about three weeks from October 13 to November 7, 2020 were immediately selected, but due to the delay in COVID-19, 10,000 were selected in early January 2021. As mentioned above for a while, the unusual part of this selection is that this year's selection will not be newly received in 2021 but will only be selected from October to November 2020, that is, among applicants who applied for pre-selection. And looking at one of the most important applicant qualifications, the minimum required income (MNI) requirements, this income reporting period is from 2018 to 2020, especially the 2020 income standard excludes the addition of 30% of low income cut-off (LICO) to prevent applicants from being disadvantaged for income losses during the pandemic. For example, in order to apply for parents and grandparents as a four-member family, the minimum income is $60,271 in 2018 and $61,209 in 2019, but in 2020, it is $48,167, considering the decline in income from the pandemic. In other words, even if your income in 2020 is lower than in 2018 and 2019, you can meet the qualifications for inviting parents and grandparents. For reference, the minimum required income (MNI) varies depending on the number of families. Cross income, or income before tax (2018-2020), is a condition of $49,641 / $50,414 / $39,672 over the past three years, and $60,271 / $61,209 / $48,167 and $6,358 / $69,630 /5 if the number of people is four. For reference, income can add up the applicant's income as well as the spouse's or cohabitation's income. At this time, the way to calculate the number of families is to combine yourself, the family you currently support, and the family you will invite through immigration invited by parents and grandparents. For example, if the applicant is single and invites a father or mother, you can calculate on a three-member family basis, but if the applicant already has a spouse and one child and is planning to invite a father or mother, the required family income should be calculated on the basis of five. The qualifications for the remaining applicants must be Canadian citizens aged 18 or older and permanent residents. And Quebec's minimum required income is conducted on a separate basis, so you should check the income table only for Quebec, not the existing minimum required income table. When you receive an invitation from the Immigration Bureau, check the document checklist provided by the Immigration Office, fill out the application carefully, and submit the application while paying the fee, and all applications will be completed. After that, if approved through document screening, selected parents and grandparents will receive permanent residency in Canada, and from then on, they will be able to receive free health care and all permanent residency-related benefits equally in Canada. However, even if you haven't been invited, it's not that you don't have a chance, but you can try again next time, so you'll get good results if you prepare and proceed according to the next opening time.
Understand the impact of the 2021 Canadian general election on immigration.
The 44th Canadian general election on September 20th ended. As a result, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau will serve four more years as the third Prime Minister of Canada. However, the Liberal Party failed to form a majority of the government because it did not get the majority of seats that were first planned. Like the last general election, the general election was evaluated as a half-way victory with the formation of a minority government that won only 159 seats, less than half of the 338 seats. Although the election ended in the formation of a minority government, the election results are expected to have a direct or indirect impact on Canadian immigration policy over the next few years. Through this composition, the ruling Liberal Party is expected to enact immigration policies without opposition from the opposition party, instead, the opposition party is expected to be responsible for other issues such as pandemic response and economic and fiscal policy and foreign response policies. In other words, the Liberal Party's friendly immigration policy, which has continued since 2015, is expected to continue to attract talent such as refugees, foreign workers, and international students who can help Canada's economic recovery after the pandemic. If you look more closely at the Liberal Party's immigration policy move, the Liberal Party has already announced a policy to more than 400,000 immigrants every year by 2023. This is the largest number of immigrants in the past immigration policy and is also the reason for the more active immigration policy during this pandemic. In May this year, the "TR to PR Pathway" program, which accepts 90,000 new permanent residents, is newly accepting international graduates and essential workers who will help the Canadian economy. In addition, in order to attract new immigrants to small areas with severe labor shortages, AIPP, RNIP, and other immigration programs in rural, fishing, and small and medium-sized cities were newly established and received a lot of favorable responses. And we plan to receive 2,000 skilled refugees to fill the current high-demand labor force, such as medical care, and we also want to increase the number of refugees in Afghanistan from 20,000 to 40,000. In addition, we pledged to abolish citizenship fees. Finally, he said he plans to invest $430 million in IT infrastructure to improve the current slow immigration processing method. All of these policies will be officially applied after a new government cabinet is formed in early 2022. Fortunately, the Canadian federal government's policy to continue attracting new immigrants by 2023 is expected to continue, as future immigration policies are unlikely to change much as before as the Liberal Party continues to lead the federal government.
EE progress in the second half of 2021 Canadian permanent residency.
The 2021 Express Entry selection was divided into CEC (Canadian Experience Class) and PNP (Professional Nominee Program). Usually, the selection was made every two weeks, and the EE-PNP selection was on Wednesday, and the EE-CEC selection was on Thursday, the next day, but from September 14th, EE-CEC was selected on Tuesday, a day earlier than EE-PNP. This change in the starting date is considered a small change, so it will not have a significant impact on the Express Entry selection, but looking at the process of changing the EE-CEC selection from Thursday to Tuesday, you can also think that the EE selection could proceed in a slightly different direction in the future. As mentioned above, EE selection took place every two weeks on average, but this EE-CEC selection took place on July 22, August 5, August 19 and September 14. As such, there were starters every two weeks from July 22nd to August 19th, and on September 14th, the selection took place in four weeks, and on July 22nd, 4,500 people were selected, and only half of the starters, 2,000 people, raised their starting scores a lot. The starting point on July 22 was 357 points, but the starting point on September 14 rose to 462 points, returning to a similar situation last year. As a result, applicants who were looking forward to starting EE-CEC in the mid-300s to early 400 points were worried that their scores might continue to rise in the future. CEC selection generally has a very low starting score compared to the previous EE integrated selection. For example, in the past, CEC and FSW were selected together, but now CEC alone is selected, so you don't have to compete with FSW applicants, and CEC alone controls the number of starters and makes it easier to adjust the starting score. In the case of EE-PNP, they are always starting with 600 additional points, so they are starting between 740 and 800 points, slightly higher than CEC's starting score. Currently, the Canadian Immigration Bureau is behind in the progress of many applications, but it is said that a large number of people are focusing on the progress of CEC so that they can complete the progress of CEC first. The reason why the Immigration Department wants to proceed with the CEC application first is that once CEC applicants must have at least a year of regular Canadian work experience in skilled jobs. In other words, the majority of CEC recipients are already living in Canada and settled in Canada, and they already occupy a large part of the Canadian labor market, so they need to secure such manpower first to continue developing the Canadian economy. Currently, it is marked that the CEC received in January is being reviewed intensively, but in fact, there are many cases that received in July-August 2020 are still in progress. Of course, there are cases in which the first screening proceeds quickly recently and approval is made two to three months after application, but it generally seems to take six to eight months. In addition, various permanent residency programs have been created this year and many EE applications have been received, so it is expected that there will be some delays in the progress of EE in the future. The Immigration Bureau has increased the issuance of invitations for Express Entry applications to 108,414, about twice as high as last year's 69,950. Of course, the more invitations are issued, the more opportunities they will have to obtain permanent residency, which is expected to allow more than 108,500 new immigrants to acquire permanent residency through Express Entry this year.
The impact of this general election on immigration.
The September 20 Canadian general election, which will determine Canadian Prime Minister, who will serve four years, and lawmakers in each region, will affect Canadian immigration over the next four years, so everyone should pay attention to it. The reason why this general election affects immigration to Canada is that the state is recruiting new immigrants through programs and regulations suitable for each state, but it is the federal government that finally manages immigration policies. For example, the IRCC Immigration Bureau decides and delivers immigrants and procedures to each state, and the IRCC Immigration Bureau delivers them to the state, resulting in a plan to accommodate immigrants in accordance with the IRCC Immigration's plan. And the IRCC will be instructed by a political party that will be formed after this general election, so the direction of immigration to Canada depends on the party to be located on September 20. From now on until the new government is established, the IRCC Immigration Bureau and state governments will maintain their existing immigration policies. In other words, Express Entry and PNP will continue, and selection and approval will continue to produce results. In general, it takes about 1-2 months for the ruling party to decide on ministers and key figures after the election. Since then, the prime minister assigns tasks to each minister, including immigration ministers, the immigration office's policy will officially be affected by the ruling party and state immigration from a month or two after the new government takes office. For example, in 2019, there was a general election in October 2019, a cabinet announcement in November, and a power of attorney was announced in January 2020. In 2015, there was an election in October 2015, and in November, the cabinet and power of attorney were announced together. As such, a power of attorney has been announced as early as one month or at the latest three months, it is expected that the cabinet and power of attorney will be announced by December this year after the general election in September. And another reason why this general election is important is that the immigration plan for 2022-2024 will soon be announced. Since the 2022-2024 immigration plan is planned in accordance with the direction of the ruling party, immigration policies for the next three years will be established under the ruling party. The announcement will determine the number of immigrants to accommodate every year and the number of immigrants to be allocated to each state. And the immigration period may be affected by the budget that the ruling party will apply to the immigration office. All policies are expected to be officially applied from the beginning of 2022, so if you have already received permanent residency or permanent residency is scheduled to be received soon, you will not be affected by the new government's policy. However, if you are planning to officially proceed with permanent residency next year or after, the method or duration of permanent residency may change depending on this general election, so it will be easier to obtain permanent residency in the future.
Am I able to enter Canada without PR
If a Canadian permanent resident wants to enter Canada again after visiting a country outside of Canada, he or she must have a PR card. You must have it. PR cards can be seen as similar to a kind of eTA. Canadian citizenship... Visitors who are not permanent residents must have an eTA to enter Canada via air from abroad. As you do, a Canadian permanent resident must have a valid PR card to enter Canada via air. I need it. The misunderstanding here is that when the PR card expires, the PR status expires. Yes, but as I explained above, PR cards are only needed to enter Canada by air. Even if you don't have a card, you can maintain your Canadian permanent residency if you meet the PR status conditions. Permanent residency in Canada. The maintenance conditions require you to live in Canada for more than two years within the last five years. For example, permanent residency in Canada. He/she has lived in Canada for more than two years after possession, but even if he/she does not have a PR card, he/she will maintain his/her permanent residency as It's possible and you can get all the benefits of permanent residents. But when you go abroad and come back to Korea, PR... Since you don't have a card, you may have difficulty entering the card. For your information, PR cards can only be extended while living in Canada. While living abroad, PR. You can't extend your card and you can definitely extend your PR card after entering Canada again. So If you plan to leave the country, you must check the expiration date of the PR card in advance and make a plan to make it easier to re-enter the country. You can do it. If you visit overseas and your PR card expires or loses it, of course, how to re-enter the country... There is. You can enter the country with the approval of a PRTD document called the Permanent Resident Travel Document. After that, you can extend the PR card within Canada. Only permanent residents living abroad apply for PRTD. You can apply at VAC, the Visa Application Center. At this time, the application fee is 50 dollars. It occurs and the procedure period may vary depending on the situation of each VAC. It'll be approved in 1-2 weeks at the earliest. It can take months if it's long, so if you need to get approval for PRTD, you have to prepare and register in advance. We do. Once approved, PRTD is valid for 6 months and can enter Canada within that period. When receiving a PR card for the first time, it is usually valid for 5 years, but depending on the expiration period of the applicant's passport, it is sometimes 5 years. In some cases, approval may be made below. If you do this, you can extend your PR card in advance. In the past, If the PR card was extended, it was approved within an average of 3-6 months, but recently, due to COVID-19, the procedure was checked. It's hard to predict the exact duration, so if you plan to go abroad soon, you have to extend your PR card in advance. I am doing.
Canadian Temporary Permanent Residency Program (TR to PR) Additional 7,307 people received the invitation
If you are interested in permanent residency, you may have heard of TR to PR pathway, a temporary permanent residency program announced on May 6 this year. TR to PR pathway is a total of six programs that have been announced in six streams: English-speaking graduates living in Canada, English-speaking compulsory workers, English-speaking healthcare workers, French-speaking compulsory workers, and French-speaking healthcare workers. Among them, the most popular stream was for English-speaking graduates, which immediately reached its capacity limit of 40,000 and closed early in just 25 hours. Because of the sudden rush of applicants at this time, 47,307 applications were actually received much more than planned due to system. In other words, 7,307 additional applications were received, 18% more than the immigration office's target. The reason for this computer error was that all applications were received online and when the first application was received, the government website checked whether there were applications received hourly and aggregated the total applications. However, some applications received at the same time were aggregated into only one. In other words, if two applicants were submitted at the same time, the system recognized the application as a single application and received this additional amount. After finding this error, Immigration Minister Marco Mendicino decided to proceed with all 7,307 additional temporary applications for equity. He also sent an e-mail to applicants for additional applications, saying he made the decision because he was concerned that the cancellation would have adverse consequences for applicants who had trusted and waited. However, this decision is not supported by everyone. Most applicants are very favorable to the Immigration Service, which has agreed to grant these additional permanent residency opportunities, but some say it is unfair to elect additional applications, with more than 40,000 initially announced in the policy. And when we first planned and proceeded with the TR to PR Pathway, we were hired based on 40,000 people for the first time, so we expect additional people to be assigned or the existing application to be delayed a little. There was a rumor that we would receive additional 7,307 applications due to misunderstanding of this news, but there should be no misunderstanding as it means that we will proceed with additional applications due to immigration errors.
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