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Canada Immigration News by Cannest
캐나다 이민, 유학, 취업 전문 :: 둥지이민칼럼
Working Holiday pool closed
Working holiday, one of the IEC (International Experience Canada) programs that Koreans have heard of at least once, ended at 9 a.m. Eastern Canada on November 12 after the last selection announcement in 2021. Working holidays are divided into a total of two quarters every year, and a total of 4,000 people are selected, 2,000 people each quarter. In 2020, a total of 3,946 people were sent invitations, but in 2021, only 2,316 people were selected, and 3,610 people waiting for Warhol invitation were not eligible for invitation. This situation seems to be caused by a delay in the government's work process due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the first half of 21, working holidays were required to have job offers due to the COVID-19 situation, but as regulations were eased from September 7, 2021, job offers were exempted from applicants who were vaccinated, increasing the number of people registered in the pool. Selected personnel only need to enter Canada within one year of approval, and through the Open Work Permit issued while living in Canada for one year from the date of entry, they can work anywhere in Canada without restrictions from employers and even two to three jobs at the same time. Basically, you have to meet some conditions to apply for a working holiday. First, you must prove your residence in Korea with a passport valid for more than a year as a Korean citizen. Second, only those aged 18-30 can apply and must prove their balance of $2,500 or more. Also, you must be a person who can enter Canada smoothly and have medical insurance while living in Canada. If all of these conditions are met, it will be completed by paying the application fee. The recent COVID-19 situation in Canada is gradually easing regulations for those who have completed vaccinations, and the working holiday expiration date is one year from the date of final approval, so we expect to experience Canadian life more safely in 2022.
It is now easier to get a Bridging Open Work Permit in Canada
밴쿠버 조선 일보
It's now easier to get a Bridging Open Work Permit called BOWP in Canada. The Canadian Immigration Service recently announced changes to increase access to the BOWP program. BOWP said that applicants in Canada whose Permit expires after applying for permanent residency from the Immigration Department Permit is issued so that you can continue to work or live while waiting for the results of your permanent residence application. Previously, applications could only be made within four months of Permit's expiration date, but according to the changes announced in September, The limit on the period for applying for BOWP has disappeared. Also, in the past, if Permit expires, you can apply. If your status has expired in Canada and you are "Maintained Status" or (formerly) Imported Status, then BOWP You are eligible to apply. The basic condition for applying for BOWP is that you must first live in Canada except Quebec. The second one is... You must be an applicant for permanent residency, and thirdly, you have completed the permanent residency application and must have AOR. I do. Finally, a valid work permit or work permit has expired, but I've been working on it. You must be able to apply for a work permit again. If you meet all the conditions, prepare the documents, You can register. Currently, BOWP is accepting applications online and by mail, and before you apply, your passport. Please check the expiration date as well. In addition to Express Entry, BOWP also includes the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), Agri-Food Pilot Program, and Quebec. Applicants for skilled immigration programs will also be not restricted on the timing of BOWP application. And during the BOWP period, It has been changed, and the approval deadline was previously given to 12 months, but recently, the validity period of 24 months, Work Permit, was given. It's being issued. If the spouse or common-law partner of a BOWP applicant living in Canada wants to work in Canada, the government. You need to prepare and prove the documents listed on the site. You should be aware that the expiration date of BOWP is an immigration. Regardless of the application for the program, you must have at least 6 months left. In addition, when a spouse applies, the BOWP holder must live in Canada, and even if the spouse lives abroad, It's okay. If you both live in Canada, you can submit BOWP and spouse documents together. However, my spouse... If you are living abroad, you must apply after the applicant's BOWP issues it.
Launching New NOC program starting 2022
Statistics Canada, on September 21 of last month, a new version of the NOC that has a significant impact on permanent residency, the NOC. We announced 2021 V1.0. The National Occupational Classification (NOC) is based on the Canadian government. It is a system classified by level and code to define jobs, and skilled workers in federal and state governments. Canada because it is used to manage immigration programs and temporary foreign worker programs (TFWP). It plays a very important role in immigration. NOC restructuring is planned every 10 years. It is updated every five years to reflect the changing Canadian labor market. From 2017, We have updated the contents every year to provide the latest information. This NOC 2021 will be released as planned. It has been carried out since 2011 when the last restructuring took place. NOC 2016 which is currently in effect. V1.3's occupational classification criteria were classified into NOC 0, A, B, C, and D5 stages according to occupational group, but newly, The introduced NOC 2021 V1.0 focuses on the education and experience required to work in the profession and goes to TEER 0-5. It will be divided into 6 stages, and the existing 4-digit NOC code will be used as a 5-digit NOC code system. It will be changed. There are three main reasons for this change in the Canadian Statistical Office. First, the focus of the current NOC system is on the term skill level in jobs, not technology. There is a possibility that it could cause confusion to people, so the reorganization of NOC 2021 can reduce this confusion. Did. Second, the current NOC system artificially creates the Low Skill and High Skill categories for some users. You can make it or infer it. NOC 2021 captures the difference in job requirements more accurately. Because it helps with job analysis, you can get out of the Low Skills and High Skills categories. Finally, looking at the group distribution of the current NOC system, the occupational group belonging to Skill Level B If people are too crowded to change to the TEER system, the unbalanced distribution will be more... He said it can be made in a balanced. If you plan to obtain permanent residency in Canada in the future, the new NOC 2021 will be given by IRC and ESDC. Once introduced, immigration and foreign worker applicants are eligible for the program applied by the NOC and You have to make sure it matches. For example, seeing how IRC and ESDC classify tasks currently defined as technology levels "B" It's a major area of interest. According to Statistics Canada, this group requires various levels of education and experience. It has grown disproportionately over time because it includes jobs that it does. For now, a category of TEER is not only an Express Entry Management Program, but also a "high skill" at the moment. It is not known whether it will be suitable for other federal and local programs that require NOC. But for now, NOC 2021's TEER category is Express Entry and PNP state immigration. How it will be applied to the program has not been announced yet, so a new update from the immigration office will be made later. I think we'll have to wait.
Canada's new immigration minister, Sean Fraser!
밴쿠버 조선 일보
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced today's new cabinet of the Canadian government and appointed Sean Fraser as Canada's new Minister of Immigration. Sean Fraser, the new Minister of Immigration, is a 37-year-old former lawyer from Nova Scotia, who was first elected to the House of Representatives in 2015 and entered politics. Minister Fraser of Immigration majored in international and environmental law from Leiden University in the Netherlands and received a degree in law from Dalhosh University in Halifax. After completing his studies, he was elected as a lawyer in Calgary, focusing on environmental and human rights laws, and served as the Minister of Finance's parliamentary secretary and minister of "middle-class prosperity" removed from the recent cabinet reform. The Liberal Party, which includes Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who won the re-election, continues to take over plans to increase immigration acceptance, which began in the late 1980s by the Canadian Conservative Party. According to the history so far, the Conservative Party raised the number of immigrants to at least 300,000 per year during the past decade when the Liberal Party took power in 2015, and then announced in October 2020 that it would accept more than 400,000 new immigrants per year. This process is a plan to accommodate immigrants to promote Canada's economic recovery after the pandemic, increasing Canada's economic growth rate and filling the insufficient labor force with new immigrants. As such, Minister Sean Fraser's future moves are expected to continue to focus on accepting additional new immigrants. In addition, Sean Fraser expects to meet this year's three priorities announced by the IRCC Canadian Immigration Department, the goal of 2021 of 401,000 new permanent residents, families, and resettlement of refugees in Afghanistan. Therefore, the Canadian Federal Ministry of Immigration predicts that it will continue to select new immigrants through Express Entry, the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) and family invitation immigration programs with the state government. The next big announcement of Prime Minister Trudeau's immigration policy will include the abolition of citizenship fees promised by the Liberal Party during the 2021 election, reduction of immigration application time, and reform of Express Entry to provide more immigration programs to temporary foreign workers and international students. In addition, Prime Minister Trudeau has already set a new goal of accommodating more than 400,000 immigrants every year with his 2021-2023 immigration plan, so the 2022-2024 immigration plan is expected to be similar.
Canada's employment rate is finally on the rise!
캐나다 경제는 15만 7천 개의 일자리를 증가하여 고용률 난을 작년 2월 수준으로 끌어올렸습니다. 이는 신규 이민자의 증가로 점차 증가하고 있습니다. 고용률은 15세 이상 인구를 기반으로 통계를 보자면 9월 캐나다 고용률은 60.9%로 인구증가의 결과로 2020년 2월과 비교하자면 0.9% 적습니다. 실업률은 4개월 연속 감소해 6.9%로 코로나 이후 최저치를 기록했습니다. 신규 이민자들의 고용률은 지난달 무려 71%에 달하면서 상승 추세를 지속하고 있습니다. 비록 전반적인 인구는 코로나 기간에 고용률이 증가하지 않았지만, 일부 산업에서 일하는 신규 이민자들의 수는 증가했습니다. 즉 금융, 보험, 부동산뿐만 아니라 과학 및 기술 분야에도 고용률이 지속해서 증가하고 있습니다. 현재 캐나다에 5년 이상 체류한 이민자들의 취업률은 2019년 9월보다 약 1% 하락한 59%에 달하며 캐나다에서 태어난 사람들의 고용률은 약 61%로 같은 기간 동안 2% 하락했습니다. 또한, 서비스 생산 부문이 코로나 이전 고용 수준을 처음으로 넘어섰습니다. 이러한 증가는 공공 행정, 정보, 문화 및 오락, 과학 및 기술 서비스에 의해 주도되고 있습니다. 대조적으로 숙박과 음식 서비스와 같은 일부 산업들은 2020년 2월에 보았던 고용 수준으로 회복하지 못했습니다. 이것은 부분적으로 공중 보건 조치에 의해 크게 영향을 받고 있어서 나타나는 현상으로 올해 9월 식품 서비스업 취업자 수가 5개월 만에 처음으로 감소하며 소매업 고용도 감소했습니다. 상품 생산 부문은 전반적으로 거의 변화가 없어 4월과 6월 사이에 94,000명의 일자리를 잃은 이후 거의 변화가 없습니다. 제조업과 천연자원은 예외였지만, 두 산업 모두 9월에 다시 고용이 증가했습니다. 이렇듯 다양한 사업 분야에서 증가하고 있으며 몇 개의 분야는 아직 작년 2월만큼 고용률을 회복하진 못하였지만 추후 정부의 규제 완화를 통해 점차 상승세를 할 것으로 전망됩니다.
US finally reopening borders for fully vaccinated travellers
Canada has opened its borders to U.S. permanent residents and citizens who have been vaccinated since August 9, 2021. The United States finally announced that it will open its borders next month, November 8th. The U.S. border opening will proceed in sequence, and for now, the first stage will be held on November 8 and the second stage in January 2022 next year. First, on November 8, next month, non-essential travelers who have completed the second inoculation can enter the U.S. border by land and ship. Non-essential travelers include visits to Canada or visits to relatives and friends. Then, in January 2022, all essential and non-essential travelers on land and ships must be vaccinated to enter the country. In other words, from January 2022, non-essential travelers should be vaccinated even if they enter the country for business or academic purposes, along with the purpose of visiting relatives and friends. This will be carried out in a total of two stages, and the first stage is only for non-essential travelers, but from January next year, essential travelers must also complete the vaccination to enter the country. Canada approves a total of four vaccines, Pfizer, Janssen, Moderna, and AstraZeneca, but the United States currently approves three vaccines, Pfizer, Janssen, and Moderna. In addition, it has announced that cross-vaccinations and emergency approved vaccines are also recognized by the WHO and the U.S. FDA. In addition, the COVID-19 test should be conducted 72 hours before entering Canada, but when entering the United States by land or ship, there is no need to conduct PCR tests and only when entering by air. When entering Canada from the United States, you have to prepare three things. First, you must complete the COVID-19 test within 72 hours of entry, and secondly, you must download the Arrive Can app and fill out the information. Finally, the third is to present a vaccination certificate. Vaccination certificates may be excluded depending on your status in Canada, so you can prepare them according to your situation. The above documents should be prepared in advance so that they can be submitted to the immigration officer immediately upon arrival in Canada, and if you do not fill out the Arrive Can information in advance, you may be denied entry to Canada, so please check in advance.
Canadian Immigration IRCC invests $1.7 billion in new immigrant settlement and integration services
Canada is one of the countries that invests the most in settlement services so that new immigrants can settle down well after immigration. This time again, Immigration Minister Marco Mendicino has approved and signed a policy to provide $1.7 billion for new immigrant settlement services from 2021 to 2022. The new immigrant settlement service provides English and French education to new permanent residents and refugees approved for permanent residency in Canada, and provides programs such as employment support and mentoring services to help new immigrants successfully settle in Canada. The settlement service is not directly provided by the Immigration Department, but will be provided by third-party companies such as S.U.C.C.E.S., a non-profit organization supported by the Canadian Immigration Department and other companies. Each state and region announced this time was allocated as the average percentage of the three-year number of new immigrants per state, including Ontario $47.2 million, Alberta $124.1 million, British Columbia $119 million, Manitoba $46 million and Sazukechu $41 million. As such, Ontario still has the largest number of new immigrants in Canada, followed by Alberta, British Columbia, and Manitoba and Sachechuwan. The Canadian Immigration Service receives an annual budget of about 3.6 billion won from the federal government. However, it can be seen that half of this, $1.7 billion, is invested in immigrants' settlement services. This confirms that Canada is the world's largest immigrant settlement service, while also confirming that immigrants from various countries visit Canada. And the immigration office recognizes that additional investment is needed for new immigrants in the future. Currently, Canada's 2021-2023 immigration plan is 400,000 per year, the second-largest immigrant capacity in history since Canada's founding in 1867 and more than 400,000 immigrants were accepted only once in 1913. Therefore, new immigrant settlement service subsidies for all states and regions are expected to increase by an additional $100 million between 2022 and 2024, suggesting an annual increase of about $2 billion in the next few years. This will allow Canada to continue to prepare for new immigrants for the next three years, and to this end, the Canadian Immigration Service will gradually establish support plans for new immigrants to settle in Canada. For those who are still worried about immigration to Canada, it is not too late, so I hope you make a good plan over the next three years and achieve your dream of immigration to Canada.
2021 Parent and Grandparent Immigration Program (PGP) lottery resumes.
The Canadian Immigration Service announced that it would select 30,000 applicants who meet the qualifications for about two weeks from September 23 to October 7. Looking at immigration invited by parents and grandparents in 2020, 10,000 applicants who applied for pre-registration for about three weeks from October 13 to November 7, 2020 were immediately selected, but due to the delay in COVID-19, 10,000 were selected in early January 2021. As mentioned above for a while, the unusual part of this selection is that this year's selection will not be newly received in 2021 but will only be selected from October to November 2020, that is, among applicants who applied for pre-selection. And looking at one of the most important applicant qualifications, the minimum required income (MNI) requirements, this income reporting period is from 2018 to 2020, especially the 2020 income standard excludes the addition of 30% of low income cut-off (LICO) to prevent applicants from being disadvantaged for income losses during the pandemic. For example, in order to apply for parents and grandparents as a four-member family, the minimum income is $60,271 in 2018 and $61,209 in 2019, but in 2020, it is $48,167, considering the decline in income from the pandemic. In other words, even if your income in 2020 is lower than in 2018 and 2019, you can meet the qualifications for inviting parents and grandparents. For reference, the minimum required income (MNI) varies depending on the number of families. Cross income, or income before tax (2018-2020), is a condition of $49,641 / $50,414 / $39,672 over the past three years, and $60,271 / $61,209 / $48,167 and $6,358 / $69,630 /5 if the number of people is four. For reference, income can add up the applicant's income as well as the spouse's or cohabitation's income. At this time, the way to calculate the number of families is to combine yourself, the family you currently support, and the family you will invite through immigration invited by parents and grandparents. For example, if the applicant is single and invites a father or mother, you can calculate on a three-member family basis, but if the applicant already has a spouse and one child and is planning to invite a father or mother, the required family income should be calculated on the basis of five. The qualifications for the remaining applicants must be Canadian citizens aged 18 or older and permanent residents. And Quebec's minimum required income is conducted on a separate basis, so you should check the income table only for Quebec, not the existing minimum required income table. When you receive an invitation from the Immigration Bureau, check the document checklist provided by the Immigration Office, fill out the application carefully, and submit the application while paying the fee, and all applications will be completed. After that, if approved through document screening, selected parents and grandparents will receive permanent residency in Canada, and from then on, they will be able to receive free health care and all permanent residency-related benefits equally in Canada. However, even if you haven't been invited, it's not that you don't have a chance, but you can try again next time, so you'll get good results if you prepare and proceed according to the next opening time.
Understand the impact of the 2021 Canadian general election on immigration.
The 44th Canadian general election on September 20th ended. As a result, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau will serve four more years as the third Prime Minister of Canada. However, the Liberal Party failed to form a majority of the government because it did not get the majority of seats that were first planned. Like the last general election, the general election was evaluated as a half-way victory with the formation of a minority government that won only 159 seats, less than half of the 338 seats. Although the election ended in the formation of a minority government, the election results are expected to have a direct or indirect impact on Canadian immigration policy over the next few years. Through this composition, the ruling Liberal Party is expected to enact immigration policies without opposition from the opposition party, instead, the opposition party is expected to be responsible for other issues such as pandemic response and economic and fiscal policy and foreign response policies. In other words, the Liberal Party's friendly immigration policy, which has continued since 2015, is expected to continue to attract talent such as refugees, foreign workers, and international students who can help Canada's economic recovery after the pandemic. If you look more closely at the Liberal Party's immigration policy move, the Liberal Party has already announced a policy to more than 400,000 immigrants every year by 2023. This is the largest number of immigrants in the past immigration policy and is also the reason for the more active immigration policy during this pandemic. In May this year, the "TR to PR Pathway" program, which accepts 90,000 new permanent residents, is newly accepting international graduates and essential workers who will help the Canadian economy. In addition, in order to attract new immigrants to small areas with severe labor shortages, AIPP, RNIP, and other immigration programs in rural, fishing, and small and medium-sized cities were newly established and received a lot of favorable responses. And we plan to receive 2,000 skilled refugees to fill the current high-demand labor force, such as medical care, and we also want to increase the number of refugees in Afghanistan from 20,000 to 40,000. In addition, we pledged to abolish citizenship fees. Finally, he said he plans to invest $430 million in IT infrastructure to improve the current slow immigration processing method. All of these policies will be officially applied after a new government cabinet is formed in early 2022. Fortunately, the Canadian federal government's policy to continue attracting new immigrants by 2023 is expected to continue, as future immigration policies are unlikely to change much as before as the Liberal Party continues to lead the federal government.
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